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What Is the Spiritual Meaning of the Mandala?

You’ve probably encountered mandalas before, whether in a jewelry design, a spiritual text, or a meditative coloring book. The word “mandala” is Sanskrit for “circle,” and the intricate geometric designs hold powerful symbolism in Hindu and Buddhist spiritual traditions. Learn more about the spiritual meaning behind the mandala and how you can use it in your own meditative practice.

What Is a Mandala?

A mandala is a detailed geometric design, generally circular in nature, that represents cosmic transformation in Buddhist and Hindu traditions. When you start from the outer edge and work inward, the idea is to meditate on transforming your suffering and pain into serenity and enlightenment.

Spiritual History

Mandalas were initially pioneered by early Buddhist monks who traveled the Silk Road, interacting with other cultures along the way and spreading Buddhism to other lands. During their travels, they carried mandalas with them as spiritual symbols of their journeys to enlightenment. They spread the mandala tradition to the Hindu cultures they interacted with.

Individuals who painted mandalas were often religious laypeople who were commissioned by a patron to draw or paint them. The painters sat cross-legged on the floor, with painting materials in their laps to guide them as they meditated.

Symbolism and Uses

The mandala has been a common spiritual symbol for thousands of years, appearing temporarily as sand art or permanently as symbolic pendants and other forms of jewelry. Some common geometric patterns and symbols you may see in a mandala include:


The sun represents the universe at large, as well as the cosmic energy that influences our lives.

Eight-Spoke Wheel

A wheel with eight perfect spokes represents an ideal and perfect universe. The number eight refers to the eight-fold path of Buddhism, which is meant to lead to rebirth and liberation of the spirit.


The lotus flower is a common symbol in Buddhism, with its symmetrical petals representing balance. The journey of the lotus flower also parallels the spiritual journey of human beings, from darkness and sleep to awakening and enlightenment.

The mandala can be a powerful symbol to incorporate into your meditative practice. Its detailed geometry and symmetrical design can inspire you to prioritize balance in your life. Let the spiritual meaning of the mandala inspire you to work toward enlightenment in all aspects of your spiritual or meditative journey.

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